Design team receives award for urban redevelopment plan
- Written by Anna Lemmon
- Hits: 963
The Urban Land Institute’s Gerald D. Hines Student Urban Design Competition recently awarded an honorable mention to a Kent State College of Architecture and Environmental Design team of graduate urban designers.
David Jurca, design advisor and associate director of Kent State’s Cleveland Urban Design Collaborative, said in a press release this is the first time a Cleveland submission has received an honorable mention.
The team, Active East, consisted of three Kent State CUDC graduate students, as well as a Cleveland State urban planning student and a Case Western Reserve masters student.
The students had two weeks to complete the project, a redevelopment plan for a section of downtown Minneapolis.
“Not only were the students required to design the form of the buildings and public spaces, but they were also mandated to include a thorough financial analysis of the proposal,” Jurca said in the release. “The intense two-week time frame forces the students to learn how to delegate responsibilities and execute quickly.”
Graduate student and team member Claire Markwardt said the team most likely received the honorable mention because the proposal focused on the design and financial implications of redevelopment through generations.
The competition received 149 submissions from the United States and Canada.
Psychology professors research the best study strategies
- Written by Grace Murray
- Hits: 1110
Highlighting and rereading chapters in a textbook may not be the best study strategy for the last few weeks of the semester.
According to an article published in Psychological Science of the Public Interest by Kent State psychology professor John Dunlosky and associate professor Katherine Rawson, along with three other psychologists, common study practices students use, such as highlighting, rereading and mnemonics, are not effective.
“In essence, [the research] is summarizing the lay of the land on 10 different study techniques that students might use,” Rawson said. “We evaluated each technique on several different dimensions.”
According to PSPI’s article, the following are the dimensions on which each study strategy was evaluated: utility, learners, materials, criterion tasks, issues for implementation and educational contexts.
Each dimension could receive a positive, negative, qualified or insufficient rating based on the collected data, which would then determine the techniques overall rating of low, moderate or high.
Of the ten strategies researched for the article, “Improving Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques: Promising Directions From Cognitive and Educational Psychology,” Rawson said, only two received the highest rating: practice testing and distributed practice.
“Self-testing or practice testing allows students to evaluate what they know,” Rawson said. “Particularly when it comes to recalling information from long-term memory, self-testing is highly effective for long-term learning.”
Dunlosky said distributed practice requires students to break up the amount of studying the day before an exam by spreading it out into smaller increments on multiple days before the exam.
Study strategy techniques
Information gathered from “Improving Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques: Promising Directions From
Cognitive and Educational Psychology”
Similarly, Rawson said, “It’s the same amount of time, but you get much more bang for the buck if you spread it out over time. It’s a much more effective method.”
Successful strategies, determined by Rawson and Dunlosky, are characterized by the understanding of material in a timely and cost-effective manner.
“We wanted to evaluate which learning techniques were cheap and any student could use,” Dunlosky said, “so you don’t have to have a massive pocketbook to do well.”
In order to come to these results, Dunlosky said he, Rawson and the other researchers, read over 1000 articles over the past two and a half years and cited approximately 500 of those in their article for PSPI.
“There is lots of data on study strategies, such as what works and what doesn’t,” Dunlosky said, “so I really thought the timing was right.”
However, the abundance of data on what strategies work best does not make up for the lack of data on why these strategies work, Rawson said.
“One of the limitations of these literatures on testing effects and practices is the research demonstrating the effects far out-paces the research explaining the effects,” Rawson said. “We don’t know a whole lot about why certain strategies work other than we know they have been proven to work again and again in testing situations.”
In the future, both Rawson and Dunlosky said they would be interested in researching the explanation behind these practices.
“As you learn more about why the strategies work well, then, hopefully, you can make them work even better,” Dunlosky said. “That’s the overall goal, the success of the student.”
Ohio man who sexually assaulted baby seeks mercy
- Written by Andrew Welsh-Huggins (AP)
- Hits: 1084
COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — Condemned killer Steven Smith's argument for mercy isn't an easy one. Smith acknowledges he intended to sexually assault his girlfriend's 6-month-old daughter but says he never intended to kill the baby.
The girl, Autumn Carter, of Mansfield, died because Smith was too drunk to realize his sexual assault was killing the child, Smith's attorneys were telling the Ohio Parole Board on Tuesday. And Ohio law is clear, they say: a death sentence requires an intent to kill the victim.
"The evidence suggests that Autumn's death was a horrible accident," his attorneys, Joseph Wilhelm and Tyson Fleming, said in a written argument prepared for the board.
They continued: "Despite the shocking nature of this crime, Steve's death sentence should be commuted because genuine doubts exist whether he even committed a capital offense."
Smith, 46, was never charged with sexual assault, meaning the jury's only choice was to convict or acquit him of aggravated murder, his attorneys say.
The Richland County prosecutor said Smith continues to hide behind alcohol as an excuse, and calls Smith's actions "the purposeful murder of a helpless baby girl."
Prosecutor James Mayer told the board in his own written statement that the girl's injuries are consistent with a homicide that contradicts Smith's claim he didn't intend to kill the girl.
"The horrific attack upon Autumn Carter showed much more than Smith's stated purpose," Mayer said.
Mayer said Monday he didn't know why Smith wasn't charged with rape, but said it wasn't part of a trial strategy.
The attack happened early in the morning of Sept. 29, 1998, in the Mansfield apartment of the girl's mother, Kaysha Frye, a woman Smith had been dating about six months.
Frye was awakened after 3 a.m. by a naked Smith, who placed Autumn beside her in bed, according to records prepared for the parole board hearing. Frye realized the girl wasn't breathing, told Smith he'd killed her, and then ran to a neighbor's house for help.
Smith, known to consume as many as 12 beers a day, had had several beers earlier in the evening and had a blood-alcohol content of .123 — well above the legal limit for drivers — when he was tested almost eight hours later, at 11 a.m., records show.
Smith had unsuccessfully tried to have sex with his girlfriend the evening before the attack, according to records. The prosecutor argued that Smith's assault of the girl was revenge for Smith's failure to perform with Frye.
Smith's attorneys dispute this, saying the girlfriend was not upset with Smith.
Prosecutors presented evidence at trial that Smith's attack lasted as long as 30 minutes, during which time Smith beat the girl to death.
Expert witnesses for Smith conclude he may have accidentally suffocated the girl within three to five minutes while he lay on top of her, according to Smith's clemency petition.
Smith's attorneys have an uphill battle in their argument because of the "moral repugnancy" surrounding the claim of partial innocence, said Doug Berman, an Ohio State University law professor and death penalty expert.
"But if the lawyers for this defendant can legitimately assert that the evidence doesn't show or support that this was an intentional killing, not only is it appropriate to bring this up at clemency, I think they're obliged, representing their client appropriately, to stress this point," Berman said.
If executed, Smith would become the 51st inmate put to death in Ohio since the state resumed executions in 1999. The state has enough of its lethal injection drug, pentobarbital, to execute Smith and two other inmates before the supply expires. Eight more inmates are scheduled to die from November through mid-2015.
PRIDE! Kent explores international gender and sexuality minority issues
- Written by Kelsey Leyva
- Hits: 992
PRIDE! Kent is hosting International GSM - Exploring the World through Queer Eyes at 8 p.m. today in the Governance Chambers of the Kent State Student Center.
The purpose of the event is to explore the various issues surrounding the Gender and Sexuality Minority community worldwide. Topics for discussion include countries that have or have not made progress toward marriage equality and the quality of life for GSM individuals in different countries.
Brandon Stephens, sophomore criminology and justice studies major and vice president of PRIDE! Kent, has played an active role in the coordination of this event.
“With this meeting, we're aiming to raise awareness of the different environments for the GSM community outside of the United States,” he said. “We're all well aware of the fight currently occurring in the U.S., but sometimes it helps to understand other cultures and how they deal with the issues we're dealing with.”
Graphic designer to visit Kent
- Written by Alyssa Flynn
- Hits: 348
James Victore, a graphic designer, will be visiting Kent State’s campus April 4 to speak to students.
Eric Courtney, senior visual communication design major and president of Kent’s American Institute for Graphic Arts (AIGA) chapter, said that Victore’s visit is not just for design students.
“It’s about doing what you love, and I thought he would be a great person to bring to Kent and speak to students,” Courtney said after mentioning meeting him at Victore’s gallery opening last year. “He is super inspiring, whether you’re a designer or not.”
The event will be held in the Kiva at 8 p.m. and is sponsored by AIGA Kent.